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List of Top 8 Famous Caves in India

India is one of the earliest civilizations in the world. In other words, India has a multicultural vibe. In fact, this amazing country is a little continent that has its own mix of cultures, traditions, languages, and cuisines. India’s rich geography attracts history buffs from all over the world to visit its hidden landscapes, including historic caves. In fact, most famous caves in India, like Hindu, Buddhist, or Jain cave temples or sculptures, also have a history of religion on the subcontinent.

Famous Caves In India

1. The Ajanta Ellora Caves

The first is Ajanta Ellora Caves. It is the biggest cave in India and is also a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The famous caves in India are 29 rock-cut Buddhist caves in Waghur, near Aurangabad, with rock-cut architecture dating back to the second century BCE.
On the other hand, Ellora, dating from the 6th to 11th centuries AD, comprises 34 caves divided into three religious centers: Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism. One of the best things here are enigmatic wall paintings that depict Buddhist Jataka tales as well as stories about the past lives of Buddha.

2. Varaha Cave Temple, Tamil Nadu- a UNESCO world heritage Site

The Historic Caves in India UNESCO World Heritage Site named Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram includes the beautiful Varaha Cave Temple.
  • The cave temple is a perfect example of 7th century Pallava art.
  • All things considered, the temple had Dravidian architecture with Buddhist designs.
  • The other one of the most important features is a sculpture of Lord Vishnu or Varaha, holding his wife Bhumi on mother Earth in his stock, in fact protecting her from the snake king Naga.
  • Therefore, in Varaha stand Lord Brahma, Lord Shiva, and the sun and moon.

3. The Elephanta Caves in Mumbai

The amazing 7 rock cut caves are here on Elephanta Island or the Island of Gharapuri and it is also one of the famous caves in India.
  • For the most part, it is a ferry ride from Mumbai to the island.
  • There are 7 rock cut caves there that have been super carved and designed.
  • The Mahesh murti depicting Lord Shiva in three forms, Aghora, Tatpurusha, and Vamadeva, is the primary focus of the cave, dating back to the sixth century A.D.

4. The Tabo Caves in Spiti, Himachal Pradesh

This one is very unique. The Tabo Monastery, dating back to the tenth century, is near the Tabo Caves. In a moment, Royal Lama Yeshe O founded the beautiful monastery in 996 AD.
  • Monks simply carved caves out of hills, lined them with colorful Buddhist prayer flags, and used them as assembly halls.
  • The main part is meditating; monks also used them as temporary residences during the harsh winter of the Spiti River Valley.
  • In other ways, the unique caves overlook the lush green river valley and are a sight to behold.

5. Borra Caves, Visakhapatnam

The Ananthagiri hills of the Araku Valley, in the Visakhapatnam district of Andhra Pradesh, hold the beautiful Borra Caves, also known as Borra Guhalu. That is why this add up on the list of famous caves in India.
  • Built of irregularly shaped stalactites and stalagmites formations, resembling again Lord Shiva and Parvati, the mysterious caves are one of the deepest in the country.
  • On the positive side, the area covers 1 square km and enjoys popularity as a tourist destination.

6. Udayagiri Caves, Odisha

The Udayagiri caves are near Bhubaneswar in the state of Odisha. Moreover, the Udayagiri caves are famous for 33 rock cut chambers displaying Hindu and Jain sculptures and wall paintings.
  • The history of these caves dates back to the Gupta Period, around 350–550 CE, an era of the foundation of Hindu religious ideas.
  • The most famous structure at Udayagiri Cave is a 5 feet tall statue of Vishnu’s Bora Avatar, with the worshipful masses standing in homage by the sides.

7. Amarnath Cave, Jammu & Kashmir

The other most famous historical caves in India are Amarnath Cave, located in Jammu and Kashmir, which is one of the most famous Hindu shrines.
  • The temple is dedicated to the god Shiva, who claimed to be over 5,000 years old and forms an important part of ancient Hindu mythology.
  • Furthermore, the other cave is at an altitude of 3,888 meters, about 141 km from Srinagar and the capital of Jammu and Kashmir.
  • All things considered, Amarnath cave has an ice stalagmite that resembles the Shiva Linga, which expands and contracts with the cycle of the moon.

8. Koteshwar Caves, Uttarakhand

The belief that Lord Shiva meditates in the Koteshwar caves imbues them with great sanctity. In fact, this caves, located approximately 3 kilometers from Rudraprayag in Uttarakhand, are well-known Hindu pilgrimage sites.


In conclusion, India has an abundance of well-known caves that each provide a window into the country’s rich cultural and historical past. Furthermore, these caves have long captivated historians, scientists, and tourists alike. In fact, many of these are also recognized as UNESCO World Heritage Sites. So, pack your bags, ignite your curiosity, and delve into the captivating, famous caves in India. Finally, if you are looking for cheap international travel on your next trip, you may contact MintFares and get amazing deals on a budget.